Soccer Definitions - H PDF Print E-mail

Another term for "Midfielder". Midfielder is more commonly used today.

Half Volley
Kicking the ball the instant it starts to bounce up after it hits the ground. (See "Drop Kick").

Half Way Line
The line across the middle of the length of the field that splits it into two halves.

Hand Ball
It is a "direct kick foul" if a player (other than the goalkeeper inside his own penalty area) deliberately handles the ball (meaning to touch it with any part of the arm up to & including the shoulder). If the player handles it for the purpose of preventing an opponent from gaining possession, it is a "cautionable offense" and a yellow card should be given. If a player deliberately handles the ball to deny an obvious goal scoring opportunity (e.g., to prevent a breakaway or to deliberately stop a shot), a red card should be given and the player "sent off". However, a hand ball foul should not be called if: (1) a player is instinctively trying to protect himself from injury or (2) the player did not deliberately touch the ball but the ball hit his arm & he did not move the arm toward the ball (however, if the player's arms were in an unnatural position such as above his shoulders or sticking out to the sides, then he should be called for a handball). (See "Fouls").

NOTE: Medical studies have found that extensive headers can cause brain damage; some parents oppose practicing them.
As players get older, they use their head more often to pass, receive, shoot or "redirect" the ball. There are two types of headers: a) a directional header where the player wants to control the ball (i.e., a pass, shoot or receive) & which is struck with the forehead (just below or at the hairline, where the player can see the ball; teach this by having them hold the ball on the forehead & asking them if they can see it) or with the side of the head; and, b) a clearing header (where the objective is just to send it as far as possible) which is struck with the forehead at the hairline or with the top of the head & where the defender often leaps to get more power. Don't even try to teach headers until U-10 & don't stress them until U-11. If you play a lot of small sided, by U-10 or U-11 they will be learning on their own. Don't use a heavy or hard ball to teach headers; use a soft or underinflated ball. A header that is aimed at the ground near the goal line (so it will bounce) is particularly difficult for the goalie to save. (See "Flick Header").

Home Team
Usually listed first on the schedule & should provide the ball unless the League provides it.

Hook Turn
(aka "Outside-of-Foot Hook"). A technique for reversing direction by using the outside of the foot to "hook" the ball. This is done by turning the foot and pulling the toes up so the outside laces can hook the ball & pull it backward.

Hooking Run
(aka Pull-Series). When a receiver runs toward the ballhandler & then quickly reverses & runs away from the ballhandler. The reverse of "checking off". (See "Checking Off", "Dummy Run" & "Show").

Hooking the Ball
(aka "Hook Turn"). Using the outside-of-foot to reverse the direction of the ball, an alternative to a pullback.

Hopped Pass
A short "chip" or "flick pass" that is kicked into the air high enough to go over outstretched legs. This can be effective near the goal or when "passing to yourself" to beat a defender. (See "Pass To Yourself", "Flick Pass", "Chip" & "Air Ball").

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